Jessica
Smith TV

Fitness Made fun!

It’s Fusion February!

Join us for Four Weeks of FUSION!

We love fusing together multiple elements together in one session in order to maximize your time and the benefits of every workout! And, while almost ALL of our workouts offer more than one modality (i.e. cardio + strength, brain exercises + aerobic conditioning, pilates + yoga, etc), we thought it would be fun to focus on the added benefits fusion focused training can bring to your regular workout routine this month.

FUSION (n): a merging of diverse, distinct, or separate elements into a unified whole.

If that sounds good to you, we’d love to have you join us for this four week rotation! You can follow along using just our FREE YouTube vids (thanks for remembering to SUBSCRIBE to our channel!) and/or with our DVD/digital programs, whatever fits your needs and preferences best. We’ve made suggestions for both for this plan, so please feel free to mix and match as you see fit. 

And, if you just joined us for our 28 Day Jump Start plan, you may see a few repeated sessions this month, which is intentional, because while variety may be the spice of life, repetition is the still the key to mastery. So don’t forget to note your progress from the last rotation, no matter how big or how small! Being able to do a few extra reps, adding more weight to your strength training or even simply balancing for a second longer are all reasons to celebrate! Practice makes progress, so let’s keep moving forward together 🙂

We also have a brand new, FREE 30-Minute Fusion Sculpt workout for you on our YouTube channel that we’ve included in this month’s rotation [you’ll see it included in the schedule below!].

And, in addition to your daily fusion session, don’t forget your daily dose of Vitamin W — WALKING!

Our general recommendation is to aim for 10,000 steps (or more) daily , but if you are starting out well below this number, please add in more steps gradually so you don’t overdo it! Already at 10K a day? Awesome! Feel free to increase your steps and/or work on maintaining your daily goal. Choose from a variety of our FREE 1-Mile Walk n Talk sessions or Walking Workouts here on our YouTube channel, and/or use some of our DVD/digital walks [all of our mileage DVDs make it easy to fit in your steps – 10,000 is the rough equivalent to 5 miles!] to reach your daily goal.

WHY Walk, Walk, Walk? Extra walking increases your daily activity level (which equates to less health-damaging sitting!) without you having to ‘exercise’ more. And, some research shows, it may help you manage stress and anxiety better. One study found that participants who walked 10,000 steps a day had lower levels of anxiety, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion and total mood distress scores.

Finally, don’t forget that SOMETHING is always better than nothing. On those crazy busy days, or when you just don’t have the energy to do more, check out our 10-Minute-or-Less video playlist and 1-Mile Walk and Talk sessions to help keep you moving when life gets in the way.

Your Four Weeks of FUSION Plan

Here is your suggested weekly workout line up for the next four weeks (feel free to start your week off with Sunday or Monday as Day 1 – whatever works best for you). As always, we encourage you to adjust the plan as you see fit to best better your personal needs and preference (please see the FAQs below for additional assistance).

And, community member Jennifer S. made the below plan into a four-week Fusion calendar for us! (Click here to download the printable pdf). Big thanks to Jennifer for creating this additional tool to help you track your sessions 🙂

WEEK ONE 

DAY 1: STRENGTH + CORE
YouTube: *NEW* 30-Minute Fusion Strength
OR
DVD: 47-Minute Fusion Strength [from our NEW “Feel Good Fusion” DVD]

DAY 2: BAREFOOT CARDIO + STRETCH 
YouTube: 30-Minute Cardio Mat Fusion 2
AND/OR
DVD: 20-Minute Cardio Flow and/or 20-Minute Cardio Dance Sculpt [from our “Total Body Balance” DVD]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube:18-Minute Full Body Stretching
AND/OR
DVD: 17-Minute Total Stretch [from our NEW “Total Stretch” DVD]


DAY 3: STRENGTH + CARDIO WALK
YouTube: 34-Minute Stride + Strength II
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Toning Walk [from our “Walk On: 30 Day Plan”]


DAY 4: CARDIO + CORE  YouTube: 15-Minute Kickboxing 101
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute 360 Abs [from “Walk Strong 1”]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube: 18-Minute Total Body Stress Relieving Dynamic Stretch
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Yoga for Strength and Flexibility [from our NEW “Yoga Fusion Fix” DVD]


DAY 5: STRENGTH + CARDIO YouTube: 35-Minute Cardio Strength Step Circuit
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Metabolic Conditioning [from Walk Strong 3”]

[Optional] DAY 6: BRAIN TRAINING CARDIO + STRETCH YouTube: 15-Minute Cardio & Coordination*
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Brain Fitness Fun* [from “Walk Strong 1”] and/or 1-Mile Brain Booster* [from our “Walk On: 5 Fat Burning Miles” DVD]
*if you’ve done these routines previously, be sure to focus on increasing your speed, performance of the brain exercises to keep improving your reaction time! Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube:15-Minute Stretch Out Stress
AND/OR
DVD: 15-Minute Yoga for Stress Relief and Relaxation [from our NEW “Yoga Fusion Fix” DVD]


DAY 7: ACTIVE REST DAY
Do something you enjoy that keeps you moving but that doesn’t feel like ‘exercise!’ Play an outdoor sport with family, volunteer to help at a local shelter, go for a hike with a friend, etc.

WEEK TWO

DAY 8: STRENGTH, CARDIO + CORE
YouTube: 20-Minute Total Body Cardio Sculpting AND/OR
DVD: 28-Minute Total Body Abs Transformer [from our “Cardio Abs” DVD]

DAY 9: BAREFOOT CARDIO + CORE 
YouTube: 30-Minute Cardio Ballet + 25-Minute Barre Abs, Buns & Thighs
AND/OR
DVD: 20-Minute Cardio Ballet + 20-Minute Floor Barre [from our “Barre Fitness” DVD]

DAY 10: STRENGTH + INTERVAL CARDIO
YouTube: 30-Minute Kickboxing Circuit Workout
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Cardio Interval Sculpt [from Walk Strong 3”]

DAY 11: CARDIO + CORE + STRETCH YouTube: 45-Minute Cardio Ball Ballet
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Barefoot Cardio Core [from Walk Strong 3”]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube:12-Minute Under the Weather Routine
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Yoga for Back Pain Prevention [from our “Gentle Yoga for Back Pain and Prevention” DVD]


DAY 12: STRENGTH + BALANCE

YouTube: 27-Minute Barre Buns & Guns

AND/OR

DVD: 30-Minute Tone + Flow [from “Walk Strong 3”]

[Optional] DAY 13: CARDIO + STRETCH
YouTube: 30-Minute Power Interval Walk
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Pyramid Power Walk  [from our “Walk On: 30 Day Plan”]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube: 30-Minute Yoga Stretch
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Session 1: Flexibility and Relaxation [from our NEW “Gentle Yoga Stretch” DVD]


DAY 14: ACTIVE REST DAY
Do something you enjoy that keeps you moving but that doesn’t feel like ‘exercise!’ 

WEEK THREE

DAY 15: STRENGTH + CARDIO YouTube: 30-Minute Steppin’ Strength OR
DVD: 45-Minute Stepping Strength [from our NEW “Walk On: Get Strong!” DVD]

DAY 16: CARDIO + CORE YouTube: 30-Minute Cardio Ball Blast
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Have a Ball! [from “Walk Strong: Burn Fat + Have Fun!” DVD]

DAY 17: STRENGTH + CORE
YouTube: 25-Minute Total Body Toned
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Total Body [from Walk Strong 3”]

DAY 18: BAREFOOT CARDIO + STRETCH  YouTube: 30-Minute Feel Good Fusion
AND/OR
DVD: 35-Minute Flow Cardio [from our NEW “Feel Good Fusion” DVD]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube: 20-Minute Recovery Day Routine
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Session 2: Stability and Mobility [from our NEW “Gentle Yoga Stretch” DVD]


DAY 19: STRENGTH + CORE
YouTube: 30-Minute Pilates Total Body
AND/OR
DVD: 20-Minute Sole Sculpt + 20-Minute Core Stretch [from our “Total Body Balance” DVD]

[Optional] DAY 20: BAREFOOT CARDIO CORE + STRETCH
YouTube: 30-Minute Cardio Core Fusion Flow
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Core Control [from our “Walk Strong: Build Balance + Inner Strength” DVD]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube:30-Minute Stretch, Rest & Relax
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute PM Relaxing Flow [from our “Yoga Stretch for Beginners and Beyond” DVD]


DAY 21: ACTIVE REST DAY
Do something you enjoy that keeps you moving but that doesn’t feel like ‘exercise!’ 

WEEK FOUR

DAY 22: CARDIO WALK + STRETCH 
YouTube: Pick Your 4 Favorite Miles* from our Playlist Here
AND/OR
DVD: 4 Mega Miles* Premix (Warm Up, Energy Boost, Pumped Up Pace, Jog and Jive, Waistline Work, Cool Down) [from our Walk On: 5 Mix + Match Miles DVD]
*be sure to count these towards your daily step count total for the day!

Bonus Add-On: 

YouTube: 10-Minute Seated Chair Stretch
AND/OR
DVD: 20-Minute Chair Stretch Routine [from our “Walk On: 30 Day Plan”]

DAY 23: STRENGTH 
YouTube: 20-Minute Upper Body Barre
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Barre Sculpt [from Walk Strong 3”]

DAY 24: CARDIO + CORE + STRETCH YouTube: 30-Minute Power Interval Walk
AND/OR
DVD: 3-Mile Flat Abs Power Walk [from our “Walk On: Walk Off Belly Fat” DVD]
Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube:15-Minute Foam Roller Routine
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Prehab Routine [from “Walk Strong 1”]

DAY 25: STRENGTH + CORE YouTube: 10-Minute Total Body Workout + 10-Minute Abs Workout
AND/OR
DVD: 15-Minute Streamline Sculpt + 15-Minute Add On Abs [from Walk Strong 3”]

DAY 26: CORE, STRENGTH + BALANCE
YouTube: 20-Minute Sunset Stretch
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Pilates + Yoga [from Walk Strong 3”]

[Optional] DAY 27: CARDIO + CORE+ STRETCH
YouTube: 30-Minute Kickboxing Cardio Abs
AND/OR
DVD: 28-Minute Cardio Abs + Bonus 4-Minute Tabata [from our “Cardio Abs” DVD]

Bonus Add-On: 
YouTube: 30-Minute Strength in Stillness
AND/OR
DVD: 30-Minute Yoga Strength + Stretch [from “Walk Strong 3”]



DAY 28: ACTIVE REST DAY
Do something you enjoy that keeps you moving but that doesn’t feel like ‘exercise!’ 

FAQs

How do I make the plan work for me? [ie. What if a workout is too easy or too hard, too short or too long, for my current needs?]

We know that not every workout works for every body. The great news is we have a huge library of workout options available (which can sometimes make it hard to decide what to do!) that offer options to simply or advance the moves, but the daily recommended workout is just that — a recommendation. But, because we’re all working at different levels of fitness with various needs and preferences, we want you to decide what works best for you!  You can follow our weekly suggested schedules as a loose guide and feel free to sub in any of your favorite YouTube videos, DVD or digital workout programs. 

Too hard? If you are new to exercise or starting back up after a long hiatus, remember to listen to your body and go at your own pace. You may want to sub in one of our more beginner friendly routines any day you find the recommended one a bit too much. Prefer no floor work? Feel free to choose from our vitally floor work free “Walk On” series options [we also have a lot of floor work free or standing only YouTube video options as well]. 

Too easy? If you have been keeping up with your workouts and going strong all holiday season long, feel free to amp things up by using our advanced modification options, increasing your weights during strength training, or, even adding on additional workout time if that feels right for you. And, please keep in mind that there are several days a week that purposely have you training in your endurance zone, a more moderate intensity that while it may feel ‘easier,’ still offers big health benefits.

We are all about you making this plan work for YOU, without a lot of muss or fuss!

What if I miss a day (or week)?

No big deal! Simply pick up where you left off — there’s no need to start over or feel guilty for not adhering exactly to the schedule [this is NOT an all or nothing program!]. Stay flexible and get back at it as soon as you can. Please remember consistency is key, and our motto is SOMETHING IS ALWAYS BETTER THAN NOTHING, so just do the best you can with what you have, every day. It’s the little daily steps that add up to big lasting results. And for those crazy busy days, or when you just don’t have the energy to do more, check out our 10-Minute-or-Less video playlist and 1-Mile Walk and Talk sessions to help keep you moving when life gets in the way.


What’s next after this?

You may want to join us for one of our complete programs, try our updated master rotation calendars, or put together your own personal plan using our plug & play weekly suggestions here. In case you missed it, or want to repeat it, our 28 day Jump Start plan is also available here.

What do I need to do to participate?

All you need to do is follow along our suggested schedules (making adjustments as needed to meet your needs, of course). We also recommend inviting a friend (or two) to join you and/or checking in with the rest of our community so that we can all help cheer each other on and offer support along the way! Feel free to check in with us and the rest of our community on social media (be sure to tag @JESSICASMITHV) — we’re all in this together!


You can find us on:
INSTAGRAM
FACEBOOK
TWITTER

You. Got. This!

Like 2 People Liked this
avataravatar

54 comments… add one

  • Jackie Mc February 18, 2019, 11:08 am

    I enjoyed January Jumpstart and I am having so much fun with Fusion February and can’t believe that I will be on day 17 tomorrow. The days and weeks are passing by so quickly and it is so easy to fit in the routines because of the variety. It is so exciting to click on the day and discover or rediscover old favourites.

    I particularly am loving the ballet inspired routines at the moment and the yoga and stretching. I am so grateful to Jessica for these monthly programmes, her YouTube videos and marvellous professionally produced downloads too.

    February is usually dark, cold and dreary but four weeks of Fusion in February has brought light and excitement this year.

    Reply
  • Denise February 11, 2019, 1:50 pm

    Loving this February fusion! I’m feeling stronger, taller, and am ready to head to the office because my brain is alert. Thanks so much for putting these schedules together. The workouts are both fun and challenging and I appreciate the way you chat with us 🙂

    Reply
  • Monay February 10, 2019, 6:58 pm

    Hello Jessica, thank you for providing the January jumpstart challenge and February fusion challenge!! This is the first time I’ve ever done any fitness challenges and I’ve enjoyed completing the one for January, Plus I am a huge fan of yours and have been doing a lot of your YouTube workouts the past several months. Will there be a challenge for every month? If so, how do we find out?

    Reply
  • Amy Costello February 8, 2019, 6:07 pm

    Thank you Jennifer S for the printable February Fusion Schedule. It worked out great for me! Thank you Jessica for all your GREAT workouts & DVDs!! 💓💪👍

    Reply
  • AMY COSTELLO February 8, 2019, 2:36 pm

    Thank you Jennifer S. for the printable calendar for Fusion February! It works out great!! Thank you Jessica for all your great workouts and DVDs.

    Reply
  • Sarah payne February 6, 2019, 10:07 am

    Thanks for all your planned monthly workouts. It keeps me motivated. I compiled your schedule into a playlist. Here is the link… https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLS21LtTl9SdbLaUTmgEhIStgeFThQ6KOh

    Reply
    • Jessica Smith February 6, 2019, 10:42 am

      Thank you Sarah! This is super helpful 🙂

      Reply
  • Carla February 5, 2019, 8:53 am

    Yesterday Day 1 and Done! Looking forward to completing this February Fusion Challenge! LET’S DO THIS!!

    Reply
  • Kim February 5, 2019, 6:47 am

    This is great! Thanks for the monthly challenges! I was going through the YouTube videos and noticed that Day 12 30 Minute Ballet Body Sculpt and Day 26 30 Minute Stretch and Strength both say “Video Unavailable” when I try to play them. Is there anything that can be done to fix this?

    Reply
    • Jessica Smith February 5, 2019, 11:01 am

      Sorry about that! Thanks so much for letting us know. Unfortunately, YouTube has blocked a few of our videos due to music licensing/copyright issues so we’ve had to make some updates to the schedule. All links should be working now (please be sure to clear your cache if you are unable to see new links).

      Reply
  • Jen February 5, 2019, 1:14 am

    Thank you so much for these rotations! I was putting them together in a playlist, and the video for day 12, ballet body barre..the link takes me to a page that says the video is unavailable…

    Reply
    • Jessica Smith February 5, 2019, 11:01 am

      Sorry about that! Thanks so much for letting us know. Unfortunately, YouTube has blocked a few of our videos due to music licensing/copyright issues so we’ve had to make some updates to the schedule. All links should be working now (please be sure to clear your cache if you are unable to see new links).

      Reply
  • Victoria February 4, 2019, 8:22 am

    I just finished the January 28 day challenge. This is my first time completing a challenge and yes, I am proud of myself! Now, I’m going to do the February Challenge. The Fusion workouts are great – they just make me smile and feel good (even though they are sneaky and really work all my muscles)! Thanks Jessica!

    Reply
  • Brit February 4, 2019, 2:40 am

    Thank you!!!!! I have all of your dvds, and I love these calendars to mix up the rotation 🙂

    Reply
  • Dawn A February 3, 2019, 10:53 am

    Am I missing the calendar printout? It would be great to print it out and post it on my refrigerator and check off the completed days.

    Reply
  • Cristal Warneke February 2, 2019, 10:38 pm

    Just finished day 1. Really like the you tube variety.

    Reply
  • Nishka February 2, 2019, 7:18 pm

    Yay!!! Thank you !!

    Reply
  • Joan February 2, 2019, 7:02 pm

    Thank you so much Jessica for providing the January 28-Day Challenge. I looked forward to working out with you each morning in January and am excited to start the Fusion February workouts tomorrow. You are such a good instructor and you inspire me to keep moving and focus on wellness through your videos and 1-Mile Walk and Talks. Hugs to you and Peanut!

    Reply
  • Shari February 2, 2019, 6:04 pm

    I love these monthly workout plans. I know we are just entering Feb but please plan to produce them monthly throughout the year. Thanks Jessica.

    Reply
  • Alma February 2, 2019, 4:39 pm

    Love your fitness principles and your non-judgmental attitude! The workouts are spot-on and Peanut is awesome! Thank you and please keep ’em coming!

    Reply
  • Mary Lou February 2, 2019, 3:28 pm

    Thanks so much! I really loved the January rotation! It’s great to have this to fall back on when the weather is too cold.

    Reply
  • holly February 2, 2019, 2:29 pm

    So eggscited for Fusion February! Finishing up the 28 January Jump Start Challenge this weekend…thank you again, Jessica! Lets DO THIS!!!

    Reply
  • Vicki February 2, 2019, 2:12 pm

    Yay! I really love these calendars. I was able to get them all done in January, a challenge some days when I just wanted to collapse at the end of the day, but having the commitment (to myself) of the schedule really motivated me. Looking forward to moving with you again (;

    Reply
  • lisa February 2, 2019, 1:14 pm

    thank you! Loved the January program and looking forward to February’s!!

    Reply
  • Jane Jones February 2, 2019, 12:22 pm

    Yay! Thanks for keeping us moving, Jessica!

    Reply
  • Betsy February 2, 2019, 12:11 pm

    I love that you produce these workout plans. They are fun to do and look forward to them.

    Reply
  • Leah Price February 2, 2019, 12:02 pm

    Thank you, thank you, thank you! Fusion is my favorite type of workout. I work out with you every morning, Sunday-Friday (usually all I can fit is 30-35 minutes), and I usually end the week with one of your fusion routines. (It’s like telling myself, “You’ve made it up the hill–both with exercise and at work–and now you can start to come down…a bit.”) Besides that, I love the dance influence moves, and I imagine myself a ballerina (an aging one, but still…) 🙂 Thank you for all you do to keep us moving and motivated.

    Reply
  • Cindy Huseman February 2, 2019, 11:51 am

    I found your workouts on YouTube in November. So thankful!!

    Reply
  • Kathleen Pace February 2, 2019, 10:35 am

    I’ve been loving the January workouts although I’ve missed some due to illness. It’s so helpful to have specific programs already picked out to follow. Thank you so much for continuing on into February with Fusion!

    Reply
  • Robin Vick February 2, 2019, 10:12 am

    January Jumpstart was awesome and I can’t wait to see February’s schedule. Thanks so much!

    Reply
  • Robin Vick February 2, 2019, 10:09 am

    I’m excited, too! January Jumpstart was awesome. I’m glad you’re posting monthly workout plans again!

    Reply
  • Tina Noonan February 1, 2019, 9:34 pm

    Excited for this tomorrow!

    Reply
  • Debra Knott February 1, 2019, 4:06 pm

    Can’t wait to see what you’ve got planned for us , have LOVED Jump Start January 😀

    Reply
  • TJ February 1, 2019, 7:50 am

    So excited to start a new challenge. Last month was fun and I’m beginning to see some changes. Don’t wanna stop now, so I’m happy to hear you have something new planned for us.

    Reply
  • Joan Ude February 1, 2019, 4:41 am

    I just love 2 in 1 type of routines. Can’t wait to see the full programme for February.

    Reply
  • Nancy January 31, 2019, 2:56 pm

    Looking forward to them

    Reply
  • Missi January 31, 2019, 12:52 pm

    I can’t wait!

    Reply
  • Janessa January 31, 2019, 11:44 am

    I started the January challenge late myself, but I am loving it!!!!! 🙂 You should give it a try!

    Reply
  • Amy January 31, 2019, 11:44 am

    Thank you for this recommendation! This sounds perfect! I can’t wait to start this Saturday!

    Reply
  • Gail January 30, 2019, 2:28 pm

    This is the best news I have since I started the January jump start, I love not having to decide on a workout, I just follow your plan and feel so much better from doing so, thanks Jessica.

    Reply
  • Lindsay Cooper January 29, 2019, 10:18 pm

    I just found your workouts and they are perfect for me! I see there was a January challenge I missed out on, so I’m excited to try out the February schedule!

    Reply
  • Keli Lucas January 29, 2019, 3:22 pm

    I’m ready!!!

    Reply
  • Karen Welch January 28, 2019, 3:13 pm

    So excited! Jessica I love your fusion workouts. This type of workout got me back into a consistent pattern of exercise! I am feeling so much better thanks to you!!! : )

    Reply
  • Abi January 28, 2019, 10:17 am

    You are awesome Jessica! I love having your schedules so I don’t have to spend time deciding on a workout. I feel so much stronger already through the 28-day jump start, looking forward to more. Thank you!!

    Reply
  • Amy January 28, 2019, 8:35 am

    Yay! I’m loving the mix of youtube and paid programs…keep these ones coming please! Of all the online/video trainers I have followed, I find your programs to be by far the most well balanced, so thank you!

    Reply
  • Rachel January 28, 2019, 8:28 am

    Looking forward to it. Finished January exercise program so I’m ready to go. People have asked me who I work out with and I tell them “jessicasmithtv of course”
    .

    Reply
  • Christine Hollis January 28, 2019, 7:22 am

    Can’t wait to give this a try! I missed the January challenge but have been using your videos the last week to get back into a routine of moving this old body.

    Reply
  • Elizabeth January 27, 2019, 5:19 pm

    I ❤️ challenges from Jessica! Thanks for making two in a row!

    Reply
  • Vivian January 27, 2019, 4:47 pm

    Yay! I love your fusion workouts Jessica! I cannot wait!

    Reply
  • Kim Marshall January 27, 2019, 4:58 am

    Exciting news! Thank you for the paid and free options. Both options are generous and worth every dollar. God bless you and your family ❤👍🙂

    Reply
  • Emma January 27, 2019, 4:53 am

    This sounds fantastic. Thankyou!

    Reply
  • Rachel January 27, 2019, 2:31 am

    Thanks so much Jessica! Can’t wait. I’m loving your January challenge – it’s so nice to have the workouts planned for my week without having to think up my own schedule. Great for a busy mum! x

    Reply
  • Lori FLook January 26, 2019, 6:11 pm

    That’s great!! I look forward to the new schedule for February!! Thank you!

    Reply
  • Melanie Roy January 26, 2019, 9:53 am

    This just made my day!!! Thank you Jessica!

    Reply

Leave a Comment